Properties and application of non-ferrous metals

Copper – high plasticity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, increased corrosion resistance are the most valuable properties of copper.
High plasticity of copper makes it easy to produce its pressure treatment: rolling, drawing and stamping.
Due to the high electrical conductivity, copper is the best metal for electrical machinery, making cables and wires for power transmission.
For the production of the state, it is not very mobile and poorly fills the mold.
Copper serves as the basis for the manufacture of various alloys, widely used in engineering.

Aluminum – light metal, has a high plasticity, good electrical conductivity and corrosion resistance. Therefore, it is used to make electrical wires, dishes, to protect other metals and alloys from oxidation by cladding.

Magnesium is a very light metal. This is his big and only advantage.
The main disadvantage of magnesium is its low resistance to corrosion. Being heated in air to a temperature of 550-6000 magnesium flares up and burns with a bright flame, so it must be cut very carefully. In addition, it has a small plasticity. In view of these drawbacks, pure magnesium has not found applications in technology, but is used as a basis for the production of very light alloys.

Lead is a very soft and viscous metal, easily processed in a cold state and well cast; Actively resists the action of acids. It is used for the manufacture of pipes, battery plates, as well as for the production of bearing alloys.

Zinc – at a normal temperature, fragile, when heated to 100-1500 – is plastic and easily processed by pressure, with further heating (over 2500) it becomes brittle again and can be pulverized. In the molten state it has flowability. It is used for protection of iron against corrosion (galvanized iron) and in alloys.

Tin is commonly used, it is very soft and viscous metal, it is well processed by pressure, it is almost not oxidized in air. Used for tinning, soldering and for obtaining various alloys. In the molten state, it fills the mold well.
Tin ores are rare and their reserves are limited, so tin is a very scarce metal.

Appointment of some brands of non-ferrous metals
Aluminum
For special chemical equipment; For electrolytic capacitors, etc.
For foil; For cable and current-carrying products, etc.
For consumer goods, etc.

Copper
For current conductors and high purity alloys
For current conductors, for rolling, etc.
For foundry bronzes and for various non-essential alloys

Tin
Tinning of canning tin, manufacturing of solder
Production of babbits, solders and low-alloys.

Lead
For special responsible applications in the battery industry
For hot lead; For Babbit brand BK, for quenching baths, etc.

Zinc
For castings under pressure of particularly critical parts of aircraft and automotive industry, etc.
For conventional foundry and lead copper-zinc alloys

Magnesium
For special casting and deformable alloys on magnesium and aluminum basis
For foundry and deformable alloys on magnesium and aluminum basis