Carbon dioxide, methane, separately carbon, can be obtained chemically, that is, by intentional synthesis. However, this is not profitable.
Gas carbon and its solid modifications are easier and cheaper to produce in passing with coal.
About 2 billion tons of this mineral are extracted annually from the earth’s interior. Enough to provide the world with technical carbon.
As for diamonds, they are extracted from kimberlite pipes. These are vertical geological bodies, lava-cemented rock fragments.
It is in such diamonds that diamonds are found. Therefore, scientists suggest that the mineral is formed at depths of thousands of kilometers, in the same place as magma.
Deposits of graphite, in contrast, are horizontal, located at the surface.
Therefore, the extraction of the mineral is fairly simple and not costly. About 500,000 tons of graphite are extracted from the earth’s interior every year.
To get activated carbon, you have to heat the coal and treat it with a jet of water vapor.
Scientists even figured out how to recreate the proteins of the human body. Their basis is also carbon. Nitrogen and hydrogen are an amino group adjacent to it.
Oxygen is also needed. That is, the proteins are built on an amino acid. It is not at everyone’s hearing, but life is much more important than others.
Popular sulfuric, nitric, hydrochloric acids, for example, the body needs much less.
So, carbon is something worth paying for. We will find out how much the variation of prices for different goods from the 6th element is great.
For life, as it is easy to understand, carbon is priceless. As for other spheres of life, the price depends on the name of the product and its quality.
For diamonds, for example, they pay more if the stones do not contain third-party inclusions.
Airgel samples, for now, cost dozens of dollars for a few square centimeters. But, in the future, manufacturers promise to supply the material with rolls and reduce the price.
The carbon industry is considered the cause of the greenhouse effect. Enterprises are obliged to pay for emissions, in particular, CO2.
This is the main greenhouse gas and, at the same time, an indicator of air pollution.